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Home page > Sequencing > Projects > Microorganisms > Encephalitozoon cuniculi > The smallest eukaryotic genome known to date

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Encephalitozoon cuniculi

The smallest eukaryotic genome known to date

Publications :

Katinka MD et al.
Genome sequence and gene compaction of the eukaryote parasite Encephalitozoon cuniculi.
Nature. 2001 Nov 22;414(6862):450-3.

Peyret P et al.
Sequence and analysis of chromosome I of the amitochondriate intracellular parasite Encephalitozoon cuniculi (Microspora).
Genome Res. 2001 Feb;11(2):198-207.

Microsporidians are primordial eukaryotes with about 700 known species. Lacking mitochondriae, the microsporidiae are intracellular parasites of other eukaryotes, ranging from protozoans to humans. The involvement of Microsporidians in several human pathologies was discovered during the 1950s. However, it was only in the 1980s, with the emergence of AIDS and the use of immunosuppressors during organ transplants, that the association of microsporidians and several opportunistic infections was demonstrated. Since then, several cases of microsporidial infections in non-immunocomprimised patients have been reported.
Last update on 4 June 2009

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